Engineers' Society of Western Pennsylvania


337 Fourth Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15222

Phone: (412) 261-0710 Email: Get Directions

Thursday, June 10, 2021

Technical Sessions

Inspection/Analysis Session

Time: 2:00 – 5:30 PM

IBC 21-63: Kentucky Transportation Cabinet – UAS for Bridge Inspection and Major Bridge Emergency Response
Tracy Nowaczyk, Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, Frankfort, KY; Joseph Campbell, Federal Highway Administration, St. Paul, MN

In 2019, The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet (KYTC) Kentucky began implementation of an unmanned aerial system (UAS) assisted bridge inspection program. The program was part of the response to increasing concern with the impacts of decreasing bridge inspection staff paired with aging bridge structures. The KYTC sought to build a single proof of concept UAS program. The goals of the program included: development of a UAS selection criteria, creation of a bridge inspection manual, establishment of training needs, and creation of necessary policies and guidelines. Some of the criteria of interest for the UAS selection included: Flight operations without GPS, ease of flight operations and training, ability to use live video image through large screen format (large monitor or goggles). The KYTC sought to consider budget while implementing a program for the 12 regional bridge inspection teams with high end consumer UAS.

IBC 21-64: UAS Recommendations for PennDOT Bridge Inspections
Alicia McConnell, Michael Baker International, Chicago, IL; John Zuleger, Michael Baker International, Louisville, KY; Rich Runyen, Pennylvania DOT, Harrisburg, PA

PennDOT has recognized Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) technology as another tool to enhance bridge inspection and mitigate impacts of routine bridge inspections to the public. UAS have emerged as a leading technology with the potential to provide easier access to bridge elements while alleviating some traffic and safety issues. These impacts include bridge closures, lane restrictions, and the transport and use of bridge inspection vehicles.

IBC 21-65: Supporting Bridge Inspectors with Interactive Mixed Reality Visualizations of BIM Process and Geometry Data
Urs Riedlinger, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT, Sankt Augustin, Germany; Sonja Neumann, Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen – Federal Highway Research Institute, Bergisch Gladbach Germany; Marcos Hill, LIST Digital GmbH & Co. KG, Essen, Germany; Florian Klein, HHVISION | HOERSCH & HENNRICH Architekten GbR, Köln, Germany; Martin Mertens, Bochum University of Applied Sciences, Bochum, Germany

We present how to use Mixed Reality (MR) technology to enhance bridge inspections using Building Information Modeling (BIM) process and geometry data. Originating from identifying the processes relevant for digital MR-supported bridge inspections, we describe our plan to implement this support for the preparation and debriefing in the office, and the inspection on-site. We will discuss how the presented approaches integrate with the technical and organizational framework and future developments while respecting every party involved.

IBC 21-66: Proof Load Testing of Prestressed Concrete Beam Bridges
Mark Guzda, AECOM, Hunt Valley, MD; Ed Zhou, AECOM, Germantown, MD

This paper discusses application of the AASHTO MBE refined method of proof load testing for the re-evaluation of multiple PSC beam bridges with insufficient bridge load ratings from conventional calculations. Case studies include bridges of different age, geometry, deterioration and rehabilitation. Field measured strains and deflections of the PSC beams for incrementally increasing loads are assessed for linear-elastic response. The test procedure and case study results are presented, highlighting the benefits of proof load testing.

IBC 21-67: An LRFR Approach for Classifying Military Vehicles for U.S. Army-Owned Bridges that Require Engineering Judgement
Monica McCluskey, P.E. and Joshua Muller, PRIME AE Group, Baltimore, MD

As part of their 2020 biennial inspection program, the U.S Army is conducting a load rating effort for its bridges located at military installations throughout the United States. To date, 201 structures at 26 Army bases are being evaluated for both vehicular and military vehicles. 72 of these structures are concrete bridges with unknown reinforcement which cannot be rated using traditional methods due to insufficient information and must therefore be evaluated using Engineering Judgement. AASHTO’s Manual for Bridge Evaluation provides some guidance for these structures when the live loads are civilian vehicles. For Army-owned bridges, however, an Allowable Military Load Classification must also be determined i.e. a class of military wheeled and tracked vehicles that can safely cross the bridge. An evaluation procedure called Load Correlation is used to determine the proper Military Load Classification for a particular bridge.

IBC 21-68: An In-Depth Look into the SCDOT Load Rating Program for Concrete Bridges
Sherif Daghash and Deanna Nevling, Michael Baker International, Virginia Beach, VA

This paper describes the material testing and load rating analyses performed on multiple SCDOT concrete bridges. Over 9,000 structures within the state were rated. The load ratings required portion of the concrete bridges to be posted. To minimize the impacts to the traveling public, SCDOT collected core samples of bridges located on high volume roads and routes. This paper examines the change in concrete strengths between the as-design and test results and compares the ratings.

IBC 21-69: Remote Radar Monitoring for Bridge Load Testing and Stay Cable Forces
Larry Olson and Patrick Miller, Olson Engineering, Inc., Wheat Ridge, CO

Case study results will be presented in which static and dynamic deflections of a typical highway bridge was measured with a non-contacting interferometric radar system (IBIS-S). The bridge was monitored during both normal traffic loading and known weight, slow rolling load testing. The Interferometric radar system (IBIS-S) can simultaneously measure the displacement and vibration responses of multiple locations of a structure for distances up to 0.5 kilometer. The IBIS-S system has a maximum accuracy of 0.01 mm (0.0004 inch) and a maximum sampling frequency of 200 Hz (Nyquist frequency of 100 Hz). The system is tripod mounted and can be rapidly deployed, allowing load testing in a matter of hours. The results from the IBIS-S displacement monitoring measurements compared very well with potentiometer displacement results on an FHWA International Bridge Study project on NJ Route 23 over NJ Route 202 in Wayne Township, NJ.

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W13: Redundancy of Bridges Constructed with ABC Technologies
Bijan Khaleghi, Washington State DOT, Olympia, WA

Time: 1:30 – 5:30 PM

This workshop focuses on the bridge redundancy and identifies the breaches in the current practice on different aspects of redundancy that could improve the bridge structural resiliency in the damaged state and enables it to perform its design function. This workshop identifies rational approaches for assessing redundancy in bridges built using the accelerated bridge construction technologies. This workshop provides an opportunity for assessing the current state-of-practice in redundancy of bridges constructed with ABC Technologies.

W14: Railway Bridges: A Comprehensive Overview of Analysis and Design Requirements
Ebadollah Honarvar, Stantec, New York, NY

Time: 1:30 – 5:30 PM

Given the absence of a unified design code, this workshop presents a practical framework to effectively design and analyze bridges to embrace modern heavy, light, and high-speed rail transit systems. The requirements are explored and customized for a wide variety of bridge categories, including regular, complex, and long-span bridges. Instructions to develop project-specific design criteria, determine track requirements, identify structural and rail expansion joint systems, and conduct nonlinear seismic and track-structure interaction analyses are presented.

W15: Protective Coatings 101
Charles Brown, P.C.S., GPI, Columbia, MD

Time: 2:00 – 5:00 PM

The workshop will provide an overview of an industrial protective coatings project, including design considerations, material selection, surface preparation guides, ambient conditions, and basic quality control techniques. What participants will attain out of this course is a basic understanding of how protective coatings are specified and applied to meet the goals of a project. We will discuss Corrosion, Good Design, Good Paint, Good Specifications, Good Contractors, Good Inspection and Good Maintenance. We will review and present typical inspection instruments used on a paint project, surface preparation guides, how to read a product data sheet and how to measure ambient conditions.

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